Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Medicare :: essays research papers

The Medicare DebateEssay presented by Unknown The U.S. government have denied that Medicare has been failing. In spite of the fact that the legislature may state that Medicare has a lot of cash it is false in light of the fact that Medicare will fail constantly 2001 as expressed by starter sources. Medicare is one of the principle wellsprings of financing for those individuals that have no cash or exceptionally limited quantity of cash. The people group administration that was accomplished for this exploration paper is clinic chipping in at John Muir Medical Center. The people group administration included different employments that was should have been done were, Putting things away for medical caretakers, releasing patients, accomplishing paper work, taking care of patients, noting telephones, and helping patients when they request help. The floor I chipped away at was Oncology (The part of medication that manages tumors, including investigation of their turn of events, finding, tr eatment, and anticipation). This people group administration has assist me with picking up knowledge on the Medicare circumstance since I have solicited different sum from individuals that work at John Muir Medical Center. There is a side to be considered about Medicare and Social Security in the administration. The VP of the United States, Al Gore, wrote in a letter expressing that government managed savings reserves are not being drained. Violence said that, "the charges to the opposite have been coursed by specific associations as a lucrative plan for some time." (Gore Letter). VP Gore attempts to show proposals charges are false by clarifying how government disability functions. In this letter, Vice President Gore cleared up the claims by composing that, "When Social Security charges are gathered, they are credited to the Social Security trust assets with government security, maybe the most secure interest in the United States. In history Medicare has experience a couple of issue in regards to it's subsidizing. Issues have happened over the historical backdrop of Medicare. The serious issue and latest of Medicare is that it is failing. Medicare is another inheritance of Lyndon Baines Johnson Great Society. Spending is clearly crazy. On June fifth the administration declared that the Medicare Trust Fund would go belly up constantly 2001(nationaldebt). In 1965 when LBJ began Health and Medicare, the Total Federal Spending for the year was $101 Billion. Continuously 2000 we will spend more than multiple times than sum on Health and Medicare alone, and Medicare will rise to the yearly spending for Defense(CNN).

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Absent parenting Essay Example

Missing child rearing Essay Missing child rearing has lead to the broad communications child rearing the young people of our general public. Media has assumed a significant job in people’s lives for quite a while. Society is affected by T. V. , radio, papers, alongside numerous different things that cause the impact to spread out to our general public, particularly to the adolescent. With innovation being what it is today, the media has various approaches to impact us at an a lot snappier rate. While it’s important to have the introduction to learn and pick up information on today’s sees, it’s likewise important to have a premise to control or confine pointless data to keep away from sullying of the psyches of our more youthful ages. Broad communications makes youths act in fierce manners and have forceful practices. A great deal of media sources, for example, recordings games and TV have extremely forceful attributes. Computer games, for example, Call of Duty and TV programs, for example, The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles are one of numerous media impacts that sway our childhood in a negative manner. This sort of media highlights sexual practices, reasonable savagery, and all around awkward symbolism and has been around since the beginning of broadcasting. Suppositions communicated by the media influence everybody. Youngsters probably won't have the option to channel what is conclusion and what is an undeniable reality. Kevin D Browne and Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis examines in their article, The impact of fierce media on youngsters and youths: a general wellbeing approach,â€Å"In the USA a normal of 20â€25 brutal acts are appeared in children’s TV programs every hour, with a normal of three to five vicious acts during prime-time TV seeing. High introduction to TV has been thought to probably prompt high presentation to TV savagery. A noteworthy affiliation was accounted for between the measure of time spent staring at the TV during immaturity and early adulthood (with going with plausible presentation to viciousness) and the probability of ensuing solitary conduct, for example, undermining hostility, ambush or physical battles bringing about injury, and theft. We will compose a custom article test on Absent child rearing explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom paper test on Absent child rearing explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom article test on Absent child rearing explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer This affiliation stayed huge subsequent to controlling for past hostility, youth disregard, family pay, neighborhood savagery, parental training, and mental issue, in spite of the fact that paces of genuine brutality viewed were not estimated. The subsequent US concentrate with an associate of 557 youngsters, likewise gave longitudinal proof, yet the specialists searched explicitly for a connection between children’s presentation to TV viciousness and forceful conduct in youthful adulthood. Kids matured 6 to 9 years in late 1977 were followed up 15 years after the fact. Auxiliary condition demonstrating indicated that youth presentation to media viciousness was prescient of forceful conduct in early adulthood in the two people, in any event, while controlling for financial status, IQ, and different child rearing variables (eg, parental review propensities and forceful conduct). Distinguishing proof with forceful TV characters and saw authenticity of TV brutality additionally anticipated later aggression† (Browne, Hamilton-Giachritsis). In examination some of society’s response to this could be that children can deal with watching these shows or playing these games without being impacted by them, media won't impact them in any capacity. The contention isn’t that all youngsters will become degenerate due to media, yet consistently, kids do will in general scare others, fortunate or unfortunate. A few shows are even to unseemly for grown-ups to watch on occasion. It nearly comes to address who a portion of this media was made to engage? On occasion this inquiry could be fairly hazy. Another issue with the media and youths is the companion weight of turning out to be explicitly dynamic prior. Numerous guardians accept that on the off chance that you don’t converse with your children about sex, they won’t become explicitly dynamic, that’s false. That’s why it’s significant that guardians are available to clarify what is good and bad to reflect off of in the public arena. In the event that kids aren’t taught about sex from their folks, at that point they will gain increasingly about it either from T. V. , peers, the web, and so on. Today it’s fairly elusive anything in media without some type of sex engaged with the idea. It causes it to appear to be typical for those more youthful to participate in sexual relations. Regardless of whether it’s being depicted just like the activity or an insubordinate demonstration, it interests youngsters. Youths look to the media as a hotspot for information on sexuality and relations. Well known T. V. shows, for example, Jersey Shore or Teen Mom and magazines, for example, Seventeen are a couple in numerous media impacts that depict sex as one of the initial steps of growing up. It isn’t difficult for a kid to turn on the T. V. or on the other hand press a unintentional promotion on the web to get a fast top at an explicitly scene, its safe to state that sexuality and savagery are anything but difficult to get to these days. The media is an ordinary piece of our youth’s lives. Albeit some attempt to stay away from the media, it isn’t extremely conceivable to do as such as the media comes in various structures. Laura M. Craftsman states in her article â€Å"Mass media assumes a significant job in transmitting social situations for sexuality. Media pictures regularly mirror the overall qualities and practices of the social orders wherein they are made and, thusly help recreate those qualities and behaviors† (Carpenter). Conversely another contention could be that young people are turning out to be all the more explicitly dynamic in light of different things, not the media. Not every person is impact by what they see, yet a few activities are effectively taken a gander at and revered to the point that individuals threaten those activities, for example, an apparel or haircut. At the end of the day, â€Å"Everybody’s doing it. † The main terrible thing about contrary impacts is that they just appear to show you the positive qualities in yours activities, yet never prefer to share the awful things that could occur; awful things, for example, going to prison for thrashing someone else, or coming down with a destructive sickness or getting pregnant from engaging in sexual relations. That’s why it’s significant for the guardians to advise the youngster on what is the good and bad activities, since then they can mention to them what joins the activities they decide to make. To oblige the other debasing impacts that broad communications sees is additionally the view on body symbolism. It’s normal for both kid and young ladies to act naturally cognizant about their bodies. This starts at an early age with activity figures being all around manufactured â€Å"hero† types and dolls for young ladies having flawless hour glass outlines. They see all the wonderful bodies on society’s â€Å"perfect† men and lady in magazines and on TV and accept these are attributes somebody would need to do so as to be considered â€Å"good looking. †Ã¢ Jennifer L. Derrene examines in her article how â€Å"The current media culture is entangled and confounding. Ladies are informed that they can and ought to â€Å"have it all. † They anticipate family, vocation, and home to be great, and Martha Stewart discloses to them how to do it. The media immerses them with blended messages about what is provocative, making it hard to pick a good example. The heroin chic starving stray made mainstream by Kate Moss in the mid 1990s contends with the curvaceous Baywatch darling represented by Pamela Anderson and the athletic soccer stars who commended a World Cup triumph by detaching their shirts. In spite of the fact that it is profoundly far-fetched for a rail-flimsy lady to have regular DD-cup size bosoms, toy producers set this desire by creating and showcasing the Barbie doll, whose estimations are physiologically unimaginable. Fortunately, Barbie’s planners patched up her figure back in the late 1990s. In any case, with expanded accessibility of plastic medical procedure, today’s ladies are confronted with likewise unreasonable desires each time they open a design magazine† (Derenne). Dietary problems are one genuine case of the impact the media could have on our childhood. Derrene additionally notes â€Å"Although less men meet rules for anorexia and bulimia than do ladies, more men are getting worried about shape and weight. While a portion of the indications are like the confused eating found in ladies, there are some significant contrasts as well† (Derenne). It isn’t extraordinary to utilize individuals that are appeared on TV, motion pictures or on the Internet as good examples or â€Å"heroes† and fixate on their pictures. Despite the fact that others may contend it’s the companions they are encircled by that sway the pictures and disappointments kids have on their own bodies. Its actual friends do will in general harasser the â€Å"nerdy† or â€Å"chubby† kid yet kids realize what â€Å"good looking† and â€Å"cool† is from the media that they’re presented to. Companion weight can prompt experimentation with medications and liquor, sex, and so on. As examined before media is a major piece of our youth’s regular day to day existences and it’s hard to not be sway by the pictures that are seen today. That’s why it’s significant for guardians to guarantee that all relatives are getting a sound supper, guardians have the chance to find out about children’s school life, and the family can conceptualize together when issues emerge. Another issue with media is the contention that has been examined for an extremely lengthy timespan, and that is the way fantasies give our childhood

Friday, August 21, 2020

Underdeveloped Africa

Underdeveloped Africa Underdeveloped Africa Home›Economics Posts›Underdeveloped Africa Economics PostsIntroductionThe current underdevelopment in Africa has been one of the biggest concerns facing the economists today. One of the reasons for such underdevelopments is the history of colonial exploitation and extraction and the slave trade. Empirical evidence shows that the underdevelopment has historical connections to the European colonisation (Rodney, 45). This paper analyzes how slave trade and colonisation led to underdevelopment of Africa.AnalysisThe Europeans invaded Africa at a time when the continent was endorsed with a lot of natural resources, which were still not yet exploited. When they started colonising the continent, they exploited these resources and send them back home to develop their continent. They made very little efforts to develop the African continent. This left the continent prone to underdevelopment due to the exploitation of the resources without any meaningful investment. M oreover, slavery and the slave trade led to a decreased number of people in the continent. The strong men from Africa were captured and sold for slave trade to work in the European farms. This left Africa with no people to work in the farms and the small industries.  In fact, research by some scholars shows that population in Congo reduced by over 50% during the colonisation. This left the countries without the human power needed to develop the continent.The loss of human capital in Africa as a result of colonisation had both direct and indirect impact on development. A good example of effects of the slave trade was that when the population reduced in areas infested with tsetse flies, people fled to other areas abandoning their home areas (Law, 34). Such areas remain underdeveloped even to date. Moreover, people turned to kidnapping and abduction of people for slave trade. This led to increase in violence among the Africans. People, therefore, spent much time defending their famili es from the abductors instead of taking part in fruitful economic activities.The slave trade led to the development of a cycle known as the ion-slave cycle or the gun-slave cycle. Slaves were got through abductions and kidnappings from other tribes and with time, from within the tribes. This led to the need for people to defend themselves raising the demand for weapons. These weapons were provided by the Europeans in exchange for the slaves. The result of this wrangle was the collapse of the existing forms of government. Kingdoms and estates disintegrated with raiders replacing the once strong kingdoms. These raiders were unable to develop strong and stable political structures that would ensure that Africa concentrated their efforts on development. The unstable and fragile post-colonial political structures are a direct impact of Africans’ underdevelopment. Most African states employ so many resources on military to end fights, instead of employing such resources for most meaning ful economic activities.When the Europeans were scrambling for Africa, they drew some arbitrary boundaries that worked well in instilling tribalism and racism among the Africans. The Europeans discovered that it would be difficult to fight the African if all the tribes united together against them. Consequently, they employed the divide and rule technique where each tribe was segregated and defeated alone. This barred the creation of a unified national spirit, which was very essential in starting the new countries after gaining independence. The boundaries led to increased wrangles between the different tribes in Africa. This in turn led tribalism and corruption, where people consider their tribe mates first, instead of qualifications. Today, the problem of tribalism in Africa has been a great hindrance to development since the qualified people with necessary skills are left out of employment since they do not belong to a particular tribe. This has also affected the policymaking in development as leaders focus on their tribes and neglect others.When the Europeans established strongholds in Africa, they produced very cheap goods from Europe such as cloths. There was wide market for the Europeans goods in Africa, and they forced them to buy the goods either through persuasion or coercion. In some cases, the Europeans used such goods to win favour from the Africans (Law, 123). In the light of such cheap goods, the African manufacturers lacked market for their goods since theirs were more expensive than the African goods. Consequently, the African producers left their jobs due to lack of market. This killed the spirit of entrepreneurship among the Africans. The result was total dependence on Europeans goods. This greatly contributed to underdevelopment of Africa during and after the colonial times.Another cause for the underdevelopment in Africa was because of the slave trade and colonisation. There was technological stagnation/arrest. When the Europeans first set tled in Africa, they considered everything the Africans did as backward, barbaric and primitive. They discouraged them from taking part in any of such activities, and introduced their ‘civilised’ ways of life. As a result, Africans abandoned their traditional skills like iron smelting, which would have been very crucial in initiating development for the African continents. The worst of this condition is that the Europeans did not teach the Africans their civilised skills, and so the Africans lacked the necessary skills to develop their countries. The loss of industry and skills had a big impact in the establishment and development of industries in Africa.The fight for independence had a great significance in underdevelopment of Africa. During the colonial period, Europe was busy with technological inventions that were very crucial in the development. They captured the body-able Africans to help with such invention (Rodney, 162). The Africans left behind were busy fighting for th eir independence, that they did not have the time or energy for technological inventions. Many people were also killed, leaving behind very weak people. These people could not engage in any technological and development advances. As a result, Africa was left behind in terms of development. Today, Africa still remains behind technologically, and some countries have not been able to recover completely from the effects of colonisation.During the colonial times, the Europeans established industries in their own continents instead of establishing them in Africa. They then exported raw materials for manufacture back to their countries. On top of this, they exported manpower to work in these industries. After the manufacture, they imported the goods back to Africa for markets at cheaper prices (Burnett and Manji, 134). This result of this was that Africa missed out on the early industries that would have been built on after independence. Resources were exploited, with no industry to show f or such exploitation. This culture has continued to date. Resources still flow out of Africa to Europe for manufacture of cheap goods and then brought back to be sold in Africa. Most of Africa’s industrial goods are imported since the West manufacture goods cheaply. This kills the local industries that attempts to come. People will always go for the cheaper product. The preference and dependence on imports have killed invention of industries in Africa. This result is the consistent underdevelopment.The other reason for underdevelopment of Africa as a result of colonisation was the confistication of prime lands and areas by the Europeans, leaving Africans in the least productive areas. When the Europeans first settled in Africa, they took all the prime lands and highland in the continents and acquired rights over the lands. The Africans who lived there were taken to other areas that were not productive, and they had to seek employment on these lands. Today most Europeans still occu py these lands living no chance for Africans to develop on such land. When they get returns from these lands, part of the money is taken back to their mother countries instead of being re-invested in Africa. Consequently, Africa still loses many revenues to the Western countries as a result of the arrangement entered during the colonial periods.When Europeans invaded Africa, they majorly exported primary products from the continent to Europe for manufacture of other products. After gaining independence, African countries continued to depend on primary products and subsistence agriculture. Europe remains the major market for these agricultural products, and thus, they have been accused of regulating the international price for these products. Consequently, Africa suffers a great deal from fluctuations in prices of industrial products since they are the main sources of income. As a result, Africa has continued being poor due to the economic structures; they inherited from the colonial powers.During the colonial times, education given to the black people was meant to produce clerks and bookkeepers who would work for the Europeans. There was no education for acquisition of technical skills, which would have been essential for development. The result of this was that there were no educated Africans who would propel the continent to economic development. When the Europeans realised that independence for Africa was inevitable, they started training Africans to take their positions. The trick was to use these educated Africans to protect their interests instead of providing skills and leadership for Africa. The education system introduced a set of black ‘colonists’. These black colonists continued to protect the interests of the Europeans in exploiting Africa (Page, 25).This also contributed to underdevelopment in Africa. Moreover, the number of graduates produced did not have the necessary value additions. They only obtained the basic learning skills without nece ssary skills for development. The resources sustained by the few Europeans would were not enough for the large number of graduates leaving schools. This meant that the graduates had nowhere to work from rendering them useless in the society. The education system, therefore, did little to induce economic development in Africa.ConclusionThere are very clear findings that there is a direct connection between the current under developed status of Africa and its history in colonialism and the slave trade. Slave trade reduced the human capital, which was very crucial in developing the continent (Burnett and Manji, 253). Moreover, hunting for slaves through abduction and kidnapping resulted in political instabilities that have continued to characterise Africa. Most African nations devote most of its resources in military to fight political instability. Moreover, the instability has led to lack of accountable and stable leadership that will provide governance and leadership for the economic development and prosperity of the African continent. This makes Africa continue to depend on the colonial masters for guidance.Colonisation, on the other hand, led to the exploitation and extraction of primary resources necessary for the economic development.   Boundaries created during this period continue to be a source of conflict for most African countries, which hinders economic prosperity. Technological advancement in Europe pushed Africa into technological backwardness because the advancements in Europe ensured production of cheap products that were readily available. This killed the African industries which, to date continues to produce expensive goods. They are, therefore, unable to compete with the European products leading to the ultimate closure of the industries. The colonialists also failed to provide skilful and technical education that would help in developing Africa. Therefore, Africans still rag behind in terms of skills and expertise needed for development.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Communicative Participation And Its Participation

Communicative Participation Communicative participation can be defined as â€Å"how individuals participate in a range of discourse activities in contextually situated ways that, in turn, reflect on the manner of their involvement in culture† (Kovarsky, 2003). Communicative participation varies dramatically based on whom the individual is that is attempting communication, and what the purpose of the communication is. There are an extraordinary amount of contexts that can affect the communicative participation as well. Communicative participation is such a broad term that covers so much, that it is divided into many layers. These layers are overlapping and construct the whole of communicative participation. The five layers that work to†¦show more content†¦The first is the example from an article written by Laura Polich, that examines deafness in Nicaragua. In Nicaragua, deafness is considered a disease that affects more than just your ability to hear. â€Å"This reli gious worldview has influenced how deaf children, who are so communicatively shut out of an oral world, were (and are) seen by society: most likely the result of God s wrath brought on by some sin† (Polich, 2005, p. 225-226). Being deaf in Nicaragua does not only affect one s ability to hear but also their ability to participate in society. Deaf individuals in Nicaragua are outcasts, their disability is thought to be because someone in their family committed a strong enough sin that God wanted to place deafness on them. For this reasoning, deaf children used to be hidden from society, it is less common now, however it does still occur. This all results from the fact that deaf individuals in Nicaragua can not communicate very much orally. Lacking the ability to speak is considered a serious detriment, because very few people in Nicaragua had embraced sign language up until recently. In this respect, the community of Nicaragua had almost no way to communicate with those around t hem and were extremely culturally dis-valued. Because of this lack of communication, in Polich s survey (1998) (as cited in Polish, 2005) 40% of people responded to the question â€Å"with which [hearing] person living in your

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Aspiring to Help Others free essay sample

I walked on the pavement from my mom’s car to my house, carrying as many grocery bags as I could. My brother and I put the groceries away while my mom decided to drive the car to the back of the house to put it in the driveway. After about five minutes, my brother and I questioned why our mom was taking such a long time to return. We were a little scared, but realized that it probably was not anything too serious. Moments later, I heard my mom screech, â€Å"Help!† My brother and I immediately rushed to the door to see what has happened. We saw our mother lying on the porch, slowly losing consciousness as she was struggling to breathe. I instantly called 911 and woke up my father. While we waited for the ambulance to arrive, we tried to her calm her down as it seemed she had started to relax and slowly regain her breath. We will write a custom essay sample on Aspiring to Help Others or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page However, she started to lose her breath again and turned blue. It seemed like her life had just taken a downward spiral. My dad performed CPR until the ambulance arrived. The ambulance immediately took her to the nearest hospital and my dad, my brother, and I got into a car and rushed to the hospital as well. Once we got to the hospital, the worker at the front desk took us to a room to wait for the potential devastating news about my mother. After the most nervous 10 minutes of my life, the doctor walked in and told us that my mother is breathing and she is alright. My family and I were relieved. My dad’s actions that night further inspired me to become a contributor in the medical field. It is one of the reasons that I plan to study Sports Medicine and Nutrition at the University of Pittsburgh.